FWD is an open source project released under the Affero GPL 3.0 license with some additional terms that are specific to FWD.
This summary is just to give a quick idea of the implications of this license. For the full details, please read this entire page.
When a converted application is compiled or executed, it comprises a combined work with the FWD project itself. This means that any distribution of or network access to the converted code (in binary or source code forms) outside of the organization triggers the copyleft provisions of the AGPL. This means that in this case, the converted application must be released as open source under the same AGPL license, since it is a combined work.
Golden Code provides an alternate license which allows your converted application to be distributed externally or shared over the network with external users, on a closed source basis. This is the so called dual-license.
Internal-only usage (over the network or otherwise) does not trigger the copyleft provisions, so the converted code does not have to be released under the AGPL when exclusively used for internal users only.
If you are an organization (e.g. a software vendor) that wants to ship your converted application to an external organization (e.g. a customer or supplier), you must release your converted application code under the AGPL OR obtain a dual-license from Golden Code.
If you are an organization that wants to provide hosted access to a converted application for users outside of your organization, you must release your converted application code under the AGPL OR obtain a dual-license from Golden Code.
Who Owns the Converted Code?¶
The short answer: whomever owned the copyrights before the conversion will own the copyrights to the converted version.
The slightly longer answer:The slightly longer answer:
Running the FWD conversion process on a Progress ABL application's source code entails making a derivative work of that Progress ABL application. The owner of the original work will be the owner of any derivative work that results from the FWD conversion process.
Golden Code has no claim and shall make no claim to any copyright in the converted application code.
What Legal Rights Must My Organization Have to Convert an Application?¶
Running the FWD conversion process on a Progress ABL application's source code entails making a derivative work of that Progress ABL application. If the application in question is owned by a 3rd party, the organization running conversion must be an agent or contractor of that 3rd party OR it must have a source license which provides unrestricted rights to create derivative works. If the organization is the originator of the source or otherwise owns the source of the application, then no further rights are required.
What is a Covered Work?¶
The Java converted code requires the FWD classes to be present for compilation and for all execution. This means that the converted Java code is statically linking to the AGPL FWD code. Static linking combines the two pieces of code into a larger covered work which is collectively subject to the AGPL.
The author of the GPL and AGPL licenses is the Free Software Foundation (FSF). The following details are excerpts of their guidance about the GPL and AGPL. The two are equivalent for all purposes except that the AGPL triggers the distribution reciprocity requirement when the combined work is accessed over the network by people outside of the organization. Any references to GPL below can be read as AGPL.
Linking creates a combined work.:
Linking a GPL covered work statically or dynamically with other modules is making a combined work based on the GPL covered work. Thus, the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole combination.
Adding a module to a AGPL program requires the module to be licensed using the AGPL
If I add a module to a GPL-covered program, do I have to use the GPL as the license for my module?
The GPL says that the whole combined program has to be released under the GPL. So your module has to be available for use under the GPL.
Any software that uses an AGPL library requires the linked code to be licensed using the AGPL.
If a library is released under the GPL (not the LGPL), does that mean that any software which uses it has to be under the GPL or a GPL-compatible license?
Yes, because the software as it is actually run includes the library.
You have a GPL'ed program that I'd like to link with my code to build a proprietary program. Does the fact that I link with your program mean I have to GPL my program?
Not exactly. It means you must release your program under a license compatible with the GPL (more precisely, compatible with one or more GPL versions accepted by all the rest of the code in the combination that you link). The combination itself is then available under those GPL versions.
What is the difference between an 'aggregate' and other kinds of 'modified versions'?
An “aggregate” consists of a number of separate programs, distributed together on the same CD-ROM or other media. The GPL permits you to create and distribute an aggregate, even when the licenses of the other software are non-free or GPL-incompatible. The only condition is that you cannot release the aggregate under a license that prohibits users from exercising rights that each program's individual license would grant them.
Where's the line between two separate programs, and one program with two parts? This is a legal question, which ultimately judges will decide. We believe that a proper criterion depends both on the mechanism of communication (exec, pipes, rpc, function calls within a shared address space, etc.) and the semantics of the communication (what kinds of information are interchanged).
If the modules are included in the same executable file, they are definitely combined in one program. If modules are designed to run linked together in a shared address space, that almost surely means combining them into one program.
By contrast, pipes, sockets and command-line arguments are communication mechanisms normally used between two separate programs. So when they are used for communication, the modules normally are separate programs. But if the semantics of the communication are intimate enough, exchanging complex internal data structures, that too could be a basis to consider the two parts as combined into a larger program.
The following clarifications in regard to the Lesser GPL (LGPL) and Java are instructive:
It has always been the FSF's position that dynamically linking applications to libraries creates a single work derived from both the library code and the application code. The GPL requires that all derivative works be licensed as a whole under the terms of the GPL, an effect which can be described as “hereditary.” So, if an application links to a library licensed under the GPL, the application too must be licensed under the GPL.
The typical arrangement for Java is that each library an application uses is distributed as a separate JAR (Java Archive) file. Applications use Java's “import” functionality to access classes from these libraries. When the application is compiled, function signatures are checked against the library, creating a link. The application is then generally a derivative work of the library.
Inheritance creates derivative works in the same way as traditional linking
I'd like to incorporate GPL-covered software in my proprietary system. I have no permission to use that software except what the GPL gives me. Can I do this?
You cannot incorporate GPL-covered software in a proprietary system. The goal of the GPL is to grant everyone the freedom to copy, redistribute, understand, and modify a program. If you could incorporate GPL-covered software into a non-free system, it would have the effect of making the GPL-covered software non-free too.
A system incorporating a GPL-covered program is an extended version of that program. The GPL says that any extended version of the program must be released under the GPL if it is released at all. This is for two reasons: to make sure that users who get the software get the freedom they should have, and to encourage people to give back improvements that they make.
I'd like to incorporate GPL-covered software in my proprietary system. Can I do this by putting a 'wrapper' module, under a GPL-compatible lax permissive license (such as the X11 license) in between the GPL-covered part and the proprietary part?
No. The X11 license is compatible with the GPL, so you can add a module to the GPL-covered program and put it under the X11 license. But if you were to incorporate them both in a larger program, that whole would include the GPL-covered part, so it would have to be licensed as a whole under the GNU GPL.
The fact that proprietary module A communicates with GPL-covered module C only through X11-licensed module B is legally irrelevant; what matters is the fact that module C is included in the whole.
In an object-oriented language such as Java, if I use a class that is GPL'ed without modifying, and subclass it, in what way does the GPL affect the larger program?
Subclassing is creating a derivative work. Therefore, the terms of the GPL affect the whole program where you create a subclass of a GPL'ed class.
Users of the FWD open source project who wish to distribute their converted application or host it for network access by those outside their organization will not be able to use FWD's default, reciprocal (copyleft) AGPL license, without also releasing their application source code under the same license.
For those who wish keep their converted applications closed source, Golden Code Development offers a dual licensing model for the FWD technology. A source and distribution license is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, allowing you to keep your application code proprietary, while having full rights to modify and distribute the FWD source code and binaries.
FWD License Notice¶
Each source file in the FWD project must contain the following license notice:
** This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
** it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as
** published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the
** License, or (at your option) any later version.
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
** but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
** MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
** GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
** You may find a copy of the GNU Affero GPL version 3 at the following
** location: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl-3.0.en.html
** Additional terms under GNU Affero GPL version 3 section 7:
** Under Section 7 of the GNU Affero GPL version 3, the following additional
** terms apply to the works covered under the License. These additional terms
** are non-permissive additional terms allowed under Section 7 of the GNU
** Affero GPL version 3 and may not be removed by you.
** 0. Attribution Requirement.
** You must preserve all legal notices or author attributions in the covered
** work or Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing the covered
** work. You may not remove from the covered work any author or developer
** credit already included within the covered work.
** 1. No License To Use Trademarks.
** This license does not grant any license or rights to use the trademarks
** Golden Code, FWD, any Golden Code or FWD logo, or any other trademarks
** of Golden Code Development Corporation. You are not authorized to use the
** name Golden Code, FWD, or the names of any author or contributor, for
** publicity purposes without written authorization.
** 2. No Misrepresentation of Affiliation.
** You may not represent yourself as Golden Code Development Corporation or FWD.
** You may not represent yourself for publicity purposes as associated with
** Golden Code Development Corporation, FWD, or any author or contributor to
** the covered work, without written authorization.
** 3. No Misrepresentation of Source or Origin.
** You may not represent the covered work as solely your work. All modified
** versions of the covered work must be marked in a reasonable way to make it
** clear that the modified work is not originating from Golden Code Development
** Corporation or FWD. All modified versions must contain the notices of
** attribution required in this license.
AGPL 3.0 Full License Text¶
This is the full license text of the AGPL 3.0.This is the full license text of the AGPL 3.0.
GNU AFFERO GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 3, 19 November 2007
Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <http://fsf.org/>
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The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license for
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The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed
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agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent
(such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to
sue for patent infringement). To "grant" such a patent license to a
party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a
patent against the party.
If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license,
and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone
to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a
publicly available network server or other readily accessible means,
then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so
available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the
patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner
consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent
license to downstream recipients. "Knowingly relying" means you have
actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the
covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work
in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that
country that you have reason to believe are valid.
If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or
arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a
covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties
receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify
or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license
you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered
work and works based on it.
A patent license is "discriminatory" if it does not include within
the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is
conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are
specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered
work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is
in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment
to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying
the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the
parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory
patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work
conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily
for and in connection with specific products or compilations that
contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement,
or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting
any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may
otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.
12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not
excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a
covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this
License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may
not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you
to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey
the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this
License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.
13. Remote Network Interaction; Use with the GNU General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, if you modify the
Program, your modified version must prominently offer all users
interacting with it remotely through a computer network (if your version
supports such interaction) an opportunity to receive the Corresponding
Source of your version by providing access to the Corresponding Source
from a network server at no charge, through some standard or customary
means of facilitating copying of software. This Corresponding Source
shall include the Corresponding Source for any work covered by version 3
of the GNU General Public License that is incorporated pursuant to the
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have
permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed
under version 3 of the GNU General Public License into a single
combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this
License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work,
but the work with which it is combined will remain governed by version
3 of the GNU General Public License.
14. Revised Versions of this License.
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of
the GNU Affero General Public License from time to time. Such new versions
will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the
Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU Affero General
Public License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the
option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered
version or of any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the
GNU Affero General Public License, you may choose any version ever published
by the Free Software Foundation.
If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future
versions of the GNU Affero General Public License can be used, that proxy's
public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you
to choose that version for the Program.
Later license versions may give you additional or different
permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any
author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a
15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY
APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM
IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF
ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
16. Limitation of Liability.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS
THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY
GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE
USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD
PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS),
EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided
above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms,
reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates
an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the
Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a
copy of the Program in return for a fee.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If your software can interact with users remotely through a computer
network, you should also make sure that it provides a way for users to
get its source. For example, if your program is a web application, its
interface could display a "Source" link that leads users to an archive
of the code. There are many ways you could offer source, and different
solutions will be better for different programs; see section 13 for the
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school,
if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary.
For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU AGPL, see
Under Section 7 of the GNU Affero GPL version 3, the following additional terms apply to the works covered under the License. These additional terms are non-permissive additional terms allowed under Section 7 of the GNU Affero GPL version 3 and may not be removed by you.
0. Attribution Requirement.
You must preserve all legal notices or author attributions in the covered work or Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing the covered work. You may not remove from the covered work any author or developer credit already included within the covered work.
1. No License To Use Trademarks.
This license does not grant any license or rights to use the trademarks Golden Code, FWD, any Golden Code or FWD logo, or any other trademarks of Golden Code Development Corporation. You are not authorized to use the name Golden Code, FWD, or the names of any author or contributor, for publicity purposes without written authorization.
2. No Misrepresentation of Affiliation.
You may not represent yourself as Golden Code Development Corporation or FWD.
You may not represent yourself for publicity purposes as associated with Golden Code Development Corporation, FWD, or any author or contributor to the covered work, without written authorization.
3. No Misrepresentation of Source or Origin.
You may not represent the covered work as solely your work. All modified versions of the covered work must be marked in a reasonable way to make it clear that the modified work is not originating from Golden Code Development Corporation or FWD. All modified versions must contain the notices of attribution required in this license.
Starting in FWD v4.0.0 there is an included SPREADSHEET widget. This widget depends upon a 3rd party technology called Keikai. That technology is licensed for royalty free, unlimited distribution when included as part of FWD. It is subject to the following license (X.Y.Z is a placeholder for the correct version number):
This binary distribution of Keikai X.Y.Z ("Distribution" or "DISTRIBUTION") is made available by Golden Code Development under a limited license from Potix Corporation. An unmodified copy of this Distribution may be copied, distributed and used ONLY within AND as part of the FWD project. This Distribution may not be copied, distributed or used by itself. The Distribution may not be split up or otherwise used in its component parts. There are no limits on the number of copies made, distributed or used as long as the Distribution is included within an installation of the FWD project. No modifications may be made to this Distribution. No direct usage may be made of any code in this Distribution. The FWD project contains code which accesses this Distribution and no other access is allowed. You may not reverse engineer, regress, decompile, decipher, disassemble, or otherwise attempt to derive the source code of this Distribution. No tampering, modification or usage of any Keikai license keys is allowed, except as intended within an installation of FWD. Any breach of these terms immediately terminates any and all rights provided herein.
THE DISTRIBUTION IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE DISTRIBUTION OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE DISTRIBUTION.
This Limited License notice must be included in unmodified form in all copies of the Distribution.
In addition, there are some files inside FWD which directly access this Keikai technology. That code is mixed with AGPLv3 code and is licensed as follows:
This program accesses a product called Keikai, which is not licensed under the AGPLv3 or any compatible license agreement. A limited license from Potix Corporation has been arranged for use of Keikai within this source file. Any code in this file which accesses Keikai ("Keikai Access Code") is NOT licensed via the AGPLv3. Such access to Keikai is made via zul or by calling a Keikai API. Although the AGPLv3 covers portions of this source file and the whole combined work of the FWD project, as a special exception, the copyright holders of this source file provide a limited license to view, copy, distribute, build and execute the Keikai Access Code. Keikai Access Code may not be modified in any way, nor used outside of this source file. No new Keikai Access Code may be added to this file. The Keikai Access Code may only be copied, distributed, built or executed within and as part of the larger combined work of the FWD project. If these limitations are a problem, you may delete all Keikai Access Code from this file OR you can contact the copyright holders of this source file to arrange for a solution. This notice may not be deleted from this source file unless all Keikai Access Code has been removed.
Files that are subject to this limitation have the above license text included. Contact Potix if you require a development license that lifts these limitations.
3rd Party Dependencies¶
The FWD project depends on many 3rd party technologies. Please see the Software Dependencies for details.
© 2004-2017 Golden Code Development Corporation. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.